Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2022, 10(4): 83-91 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abdollahi S, Azarbayjani M A, Peeri M, Rahmati-Ahmadabad S. The Health-Related Biological Effects of Date Palm Pollen (DPP) along with Physical Activity: A Narrative Mini-Review. Jorjani Biomed J 2022; 10 (4) :83-91
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-925-en.html
1- Department of Exercise Physiology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , m_azarbayjani@iauctb.ac.ir
3- Department of Exercise Physiology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
4- Department of Physical Education, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pardis, Iran.
Abstract:   (45 Views)
Date Palm Pollen (DDP), which is found in the male date tree, actually fertilizes the female date tree, which is necessary for the growth of date fruit. It is consisting of sugarcane, protein, calcium, vitamins (B, C and E) and minerals. It has long been used in traditional medicine as a medicinal plant with fertility effects and increased libido. The information obtained from the studies shows that this pollen, due to its antioxidant and gonadotropin-stimulating compounds, can increase fertility and sexual potency in both women and men with two main mechanisms. The first mechanism is this effect on the stimulation of gonadotrophic hormones and the second is a reduction of oxidative stress in the testicular tissue and consequently a protective effect on the testicular tissue. Due to the presence of antioxidant compounds, the consumption of this pollen also applies its health-enhancing effects to other tissues such as the liver, intestines, and heart. As same as DDP, regular Physical Activity (PA) stimulates gonadotrophic hormones and also beneficially affects antioxidant status and redox balance. In recent years, researchers have paid attention to this pollen as an important factor to strengthen the health-enhancing effects of PA, and researchers have investigated the simultaneous effect of this pollen and PA. Despite the few studies done, it seems that this pollen can enhance the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of regular PAs. Nevertheless, it seems necessary to further studies in this area.
Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (24 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Review Article | Subject: Health
Received: 2022/08/5 | Accepted: 2022/10/25 | Published: 2022/12/31

1. Ng R, Sutradhar R, Yao Z, Wodchis WP, Rosella LC. Smoking, drinking, diet and physical activity-modifiable lifestyle risk factors and their associations with age to first chronic disease. Int J Epidemiol. 2020; 49 (1): 113-30. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014. Geneva: WHO, 2014. doi:
3. Capodaglio EM. [Physical activity, tool for the prevention and management of chronic diseases]. G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2018; 40 (2): 106-19. doi:
4. Marker AM, Steele RG, Noser AE. Physical activity and health-related quality of life in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Psychol. 2018; 37 (10): 893-903. [DOI] [PMID]
5. Nieto G. How Are Medicinal Plants Useful When Added to Foods? Medicines (Basel, Switzerland). 2020; 7 (9). [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Dagli N, Dagli R, Mahmoud RS, Baroudi K. Essential oils, their therapeutic properties, and implication in dentistry: A review. Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry. 2015; 5 (5): 335-40. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Kozakiewicz M, Rowiński R, Kornatowski M, Dąbrowski A, Kędziora-Kornatowska K, Strachecka A. Relation of Moderate Physical Activity to Blood Markers of Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defense in the Elderly. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2019; 2019 5123628. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Kasote DM, Katyare SS, Hegde MV, Bae H. Significance of antioxidant potential of plants and its relevance to therapeutic applications. Int J Biol Sci. 2015; 11 (8): 982-91. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Jangjo-Borazjani S, Dastgheib M, Kiyamarsi E, Jamshidi R, Rahmati-Ahmadabad S, Helalizadeh M, Iraji R, Cornish SM, Mohammadi-Darestani S, Khojasteh Z, Azarbayjani MA. Effects of resistance training and nigella sativa on type 2 diabetes: implications for metabolic markers, low-grade inflammation and liver enzyme production. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2021; 1-9. [DOI] [PMID]
10. Dardashti Pour E, Yaghobian F, Dehghan F, Azarbayjani MA. Forecast of ameliorating effect of dietary flavonol consumption in white tea with or without aerobic training on type 2 diabetes (T2D) in females. Clinical nutrition ESPEN. 2021; 45 134-40. [DOI] [PMID]
11. Dolati S, Namiranian K, Amerian R, Mansouri S, Arshadi S, Azarbayjani MA. The Effect of Curcumin Supplementation and Aerobic Training on Anthropometric Indices, Serum Lipid Profiles, C-Reactive Protein and Insulin Resistance in Overweight Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Journal of obesity & metabolic syndrome. 2020; 29 (1): 47-57. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Khosravani M, Azarbayjani MA, Abolmaesoomi M, Yusof A, Zainal Abidin N, Rahimi E, Feizolahi F, Akbari M, Seyedjalali S, Dehghan F. Ginger extract and aerobic training reduces lipid profile in high-fat fed diet rats. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016; 20 (8): 1617-22. doi:
13. Dehghan F, Hajiaghaalipour F, Yusof A, Muniandy S, Hosseini SA, Heydari S, Salim LZ, Azarbayjani MA. Saffron with resistance exercise improves diabetic parameters through the GLUT4/AMPK pathway in-vitro and in-vivo. Sci Rep. 2016; 6 25139. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Ranjbari A, Azarbayjani MA, Yusof A, Halim Mokhtar A, Akbarzadeh S, Ibrahim MY, Tarverdizadeh B, Farzadinia P, Hajiaghaee R, Dehghan F. In vivo and in vitro evaluation of the effects of Urtica dioica and swimming activity on diabetic factors and pancreatic beta cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016; 16 101. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Feizolahi F, Azarbayjani MA, Nasehi M, Peeri M, Zarrindast MR. The combination of swimming and curcumin consumption may improve spatial memory recovery after binge ethanol drinking. Physiol Behav. 2019; 207 139-50. [DOI] [PMID]
16. Nikbin S, Derakhshideh A, Hozouri Tarighe M, Khojasteh Z, Kanozi F, Mousavi N, Afshar T, Karami M, Zolfaghari FS, Azarbayjani MA. Synergic effects of aerobic exercise and eugenol supplement on germ cell development and testicular tissue structure in chlorpyrifos-treated animal model. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020; 27 (14): 17229-42. [DOI] [PMID]
17. Nikbin S, Derakhshideh A, Kanozi F, Hozouri Tarighe M, Niknia S, Khojasteh Z, Barzegar Rahatlo M, Mousavi N, Ghodousi Johari E, Arabi Y, Afshar T, Tousi H, Jameie SB, Azarbayjani MA. Combination effect of exercise training and eugenol supplementation on the hippocampus apoptosis induced by chlorpyrifos. Mol Biol Rep. 2020; 47 (8): 5985-96. [DOI] [PMID]
18. kianmehr P, Azarbayjani MA, Peeri M, Farzanegi P. The effects of aerobic exercise training with octopamine supplementation on cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by deep-frying oil: The role of caspase and procaspase 3. Clinical nutrition ESPEN. 2022; 49 529-35. [DOI] [PMID]
19. Al-Alawi RA, Al-Mashiqri JH, Al-Nadabi JSM, Al-Shihi BI, Baqi Y. Date Palm Tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Natural Products and Therapeutic Options. Front Plant Sci. 2017; 8 845. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Qadir A, Shakeel F, Ali A, Faiyazuddin M. Phytotherapeutic potential and pharmaceutical impact of Phoenix dactylifera (date palm): current research and future prospects. J Food Sci Technol. 2020; 57 (4): 1191-204. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. El-Kholy WM, Soliman TN, Darwish AMG. Evaluation of date palm pollen (Phoenix dactylifera L.) encapsulation, impact on the nutritional and functional properties of fortified yoghurt. PLoS One. 2019; 14 (10): e0222789. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Tahvilzadeh M, Hajimahmoodi M, Rahimi R. The Role of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) Pollen in Fertility: A Comprehensive Review of Current Evidence. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2016; 21 (4): 320-4. [DOI] [PMID]
23. Farouk, Farouk A, Metwaly A, Saad M. Chemical Composition and antioxidant activity of Date Palm pollen grains (Phoenix dactylifera L. Palmae) essential oil for Siwe Cultivar Cultivated in Egypt. 2015.
24. Maky MA, Sadek M, Shanab O, Mahmoud HAM, Rehan IF. Nutritional characterization of various classes of Egyptian beef luncheon. Journal of advanced veterinary and animal research. 2020; 7 (2): 299-307. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Mahran GH, Abdel-Wahab SM, Attia AM. A phytochemical study of date palm pollen. Planta Med. 1976; 29 (2): 171-5. [DOI] [PMID]
26. Mehraban F, Jafari M, Akbartabar Toori M, Sadeghi H, Joodi B, Mostafazade M, Sadeghi H. Effects of date palm pollen (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and Astragalus ovinus on sperm parameters and sex hormones in adult male rats. Iranian journal of reproductive medicine. 2014; 12 (10): 705-12.
27. Abbas F, Ateya a-m. Estradiol, Esteriol, Estrone and Novel Flavonoids from Date Palm Pollen. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2011; 5.
28. Abd El Azim M, El-Mesalamy A, Yassin F, Khalil S. Identification Phenolic and Biological Activities of Methanolic Extract of Date Palm Pollen (Phoenix dactylifera). Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology. 2015; 7 47-50. [DOI]
29. Abdi F, Roozbeh N, Mortazavian AM. Effects of date palm pollen on fertility: research proposal for a systematic review. BMC Res Notes. 2017; 10 (1): 363. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Rasekh A, Jashni HK, Rahmanian K, Jahromi AS. Effect of Palm Pollen on Sperm Parameters of Infertile Man. Pak J Biol Sci. 2015; 18 (4): 196-9. [DOI] [PMID]
31. Fallahi S, Rajaei M, Hesam MJ, Koolivand M, Malekzadeh K. The effect of Phoenix dactylifera pollen on the expression of NRF2, SOD2, CAT, and GPX4 genes, and sperm parameters of fertile and infertile men: A controlled clinical trial. International journal of reproductive biomedicine. 2021; 19 (6): 545-58. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Otify AM, Hammam AM, Aly Farag M. Phoenix dactylifera L. date tree pollen fertility effects on female rats in relation to its UPLC-MS profile via a biochemometric approach. Steroids. 2021; 173 108888. [DOI] [PMID]
33. Fallahi S, Rajaei M, Malekzadeh K, Kalantar SM. Would Phoenix Dactyflera Pollen (palm seed) be considered as a treatment agent against Males' infertility? A systematic review. Electronic physician. 2015; 7 (8): 1590-6. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Saleh M, Kokoszyński D, Mousa MA, Abuoghaba AA. Effect of Date Palm Pollen Supplementation on the Egg Production, Ovarian Follicles Development, Hematological Variables and Hormonal Profile of Laying Hens. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI. 2021; 11 (1). [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
35. Mohamed NA, Ahmed OM, Hozayen WG, Ahmed MA. Ameliorative effects of bee pollen and date palm pollen on the glycemic state and male sexual dysfunctions in streptozotocin-Induced diabetic wistar rats. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018; 97 9-18. [DOI] [PMID]
36. El-Kashlan AM, Nooh MM, Hassan WA, Rizk SM. Therapeutic Potential of Date Palm Pollen for Testicular Dysfunction Induced by Thyroid Disorders in Male Rats. PLoS One. 2015; 10 (10): e0139493. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
37. El-Neweshy MS, El-Maddawy ZK, El-Sayed YS. Therapeutic effects of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pollen extract on cadmium-induced testicular toxicity. Andrologia. 2013; 45 (6): 369-78. [DOI] [PMID]
38. Elblehi SS, El-Sayed YS, Soliman MM, Shukry M. Date Palm Pollen Extract Avert Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiomyopathy Fibrosis and Associated Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress, Inflammatory Cascade, and Apoptosis-Targeting Bax/Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 Signaling Pathways. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI. 2021; 11 (3). [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
39. Mohamadi Yarijani Z, Madani SH, Changizi-Ashtiyani S, Najafi H. Protective effects of date palm pollen extract on gentamicin-induced hepatotoxicity %J Physiology and Pharmacology. 2021; 25 (3): 251-60. [DOI]
40. Al-Asmari AK, Al-Said MS, Abbasmanthiri R, Al-Buraidi A, Ibrahim KE, Rafatullah S. Impact of date palm pollen (Phoenix dactylifera) treatment on paracetamol-induced hepatorenal toxicity in rats. Clinical Phytoscience. 2020; 6 (1): 16. [DOI]
41. Elberry AA, Mufti ST, Al-Maghrabi JA, Abdel-Sattar EA, Ashour OM, Ghareib SA, Mosli HA. Anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative activities of date palm pollen (Phoenix dactylifera) on experimentally-induced atypical prostatic hyperplasia in rats. Journal of inflammation (London, England). 2011; 8 (1): 40. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. Metwaly MS, Dkhil MA, Al-Quraishy S. Anti-coccidial and anti-apoptotic activities of palm pollen grains on Eimeria papillata-induced infection in mice. Biologia. 2014; 69 (2): 254-9. [DOI]
43. Saryono S, Taufik A, Proverawati A, Efendi F. Dietary supplementation of Phoenix dactylifera L. seeds decreases pro-inflammatory mediators in CCl4-induced rats. 2019; 8 (3): 212-7. [DOI]
44. El Abed H, Chakroun M, Abdelkafi-Koubaa Z, Drira N, Marrakchi N, Mejdoub H, Khemakhem B. Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antitumoral Effects of Aqueous Ethanolic Extract from Phoenix dactylifera L. Parthenocarpic Dates. BioMed research international. 2018; 2018 1542602. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
45. Abdollahi S, Rahmati-Ahmadabad S, Abdollahi K, Gholami N, Ziyarati A, Nikbin S, Iraji R, Hajiaghaee R, Azarbayjani MA. Phoenix dactylifera pollen does not affect eccentric resistance exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in female athletes. Sport Sciences for Health. 2021; 17 (3): 615-24. [DOI]
46. Moslemi E, Dehghan P, Khani M, Sarbakhsh P, Sarmadi B. The effects of date seed (Phoenix dactylifera) supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress and aerobic and anaerobic performance following high-intensity interval training sessions: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2022; 1-12. [DOI] [PMID]
47. Nazarian A, Azarbayjani MA, Atashak S, Peeri M. Effects of resistance training, palm pollen grain extracts, and testosterone injection on luteinizing hormone receptors, claudin-1, cingulin, and zonula occludens in the prostate tissues of adult male rats. Andrologia. 2022; 54 (5): e14394. [DOI] [PMID]
48. Abdollahi S, Azarbayjani MA, Peeri M, Rahmati-Ahmadabad S. Comparison of the Effect of Phoenix Dactylifera Extract and Testosterone Enanthate with and without Resistance Training on the Expression of FOXO3α and Ctnnβ1 Genes and Apoptosis in Rat Gastrocnemius Muscle %J Health Research Journal. 2021; 6 (4): 319-30. [DOI]
49. Mousaei M, Azarbayjani MA, Peeri M, Hosseini SA. The Effects of Resistance Training with Palm Pollen on Scleraxis Protein and Gene Expression Levels in the Tendon Tissue of Male Adult Rats %J Jorjani Biomedicine Journal. 2019; 7 (4): 30-9. [DOI]
50. Payandeh N, Peeri M, Azarbayjani MA, Hosseini SA. Effect of Resistance Training with Palm Pollen and Testosterone on Runx2 Protein and Gene Expression Levels in Bone Tissue of Adult Male Rats. 2020; 24 (3): e105332-e. [DOI]
51. Matin Homaee H, GHAZALIAN F, Ghasemi Ouzan Olia RJK, HEALTH. The Effect of Date Palm Pollen and Resistance Training on Regulation of Adiponectin in Visceral Adipose Tissue of Male Rats. 2021; 15.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb