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Pouya Khodadadi , Mehdi Bizhanzadeh , Akram Najafi, Vajiheh Zarinpour, Abdolali Moshfe , Hossein Ansari ,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (Jul-Aug 2016 2016)


        Background and Objective: Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains have become a problem in treatment of infections caused by S. aureus. This study aimed to evaluate antibiotic resistance in S. aureus isolates from raw milk and detect femA gene in these isolates, as a confirmatory test for identification of S. aureus species.

        Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 110 raw milk samples. After culture in Cooked Meat broth, presence of S. aureus in grown colonies was confirmed in accordance with Iranian National Standard, No. 1194. Antibiotic resistance was then evaluated according to guidelines recommenced by the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. FemA-specific polymerase chain reaction was performed on antibiotic-resistant strains using specific primers and standard strains to differentiate S. aureus from other species.

         Results: S. aureus were found in 43 (39.09%) of the 110 collected samples. Among these isolates, 79.07% and 76.75% were phenotypically resistant to penicillin and ceftazidime, respectively. In addition, the femA gene was detected in all isolates.

          Conclusion: The results of this study show a high prevalence of resistance to penicillin and ceftazidime among S. aureus strains isolated from raw milk.

        Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiotic Resistance, PCR.

Reza Bagheri, Samane Darroudi, S Mojtaba Hosseini, Hossein Nikkar, Fatemeh Khodadadi, Somayye Kasraee, Mahbube Sazegar, Amir Rashidlamir,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (May-Jun 2020)

Background and objectives: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries. High level of plasma lipids including cholesterol and triglycerides is one of the most important risk factors of atherosclerosis. Previous studies have shown that three members of the ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G (ABCG4, ABCG5 and ABCG8) are involved in transporting sterols across membranes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of high-intensity resistance training (HIRT) and aerobic exercise (AE) on expression of the ABCG4, ABCG5 and ABCG8 genes in female athletes.
Methods: Twenty-four female athletes from the Khorasan Province (Iran) were randomly selected and assigned into three groups: control (N=8), AE (N=8) and HIRT (N=8). The subjects in the HIRT group and the AE group performed exercise at intensity of 75-80% of 1-repetion maximum and 75-80% of maximum heart rate, respectively. Blood samples were collected at baseline and immediately after the exercise session. After isolation of lymphocytes by centrifugation and purification of mRNA, gene expression changes were investigated by Real-Time-PCR. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and the Tukeychr('39')s test.
Results: Both training protocols significantly increased the expression of ABCG4, ABCG5 and ABCG8 in the subjects (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the expression of these genes between the experimental groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: A single session of HIRT and AE may have beneficial effects on prevention of atherosclerosis. 

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