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Showing 6 results for babaei

Soltan Dallal, Mm, Rahbar, M, Douraghi, M, Rahimi Forooshani, A, Khan Babaei, Gt, Mobarhan, M, Ghasemi, F,
Volume 8, Issue 5 (winter[PERSIAN] 2015)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common bacteria colonized in CF patients. Growing resistance of this bacterium to antibiotics now a day is a challenge of controlling infection in CF patient. In this study colonization of CF patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of isolated strains were examined. Material and Methods: From 100 CF patients, during a year, sputum and bronchial swabs were collected. After culturing the samples, some of them were reported as Pseudomonas aeruginosa using biochemical tests. Mucoid strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identified the same as non-producing alginate strains while for catching single pure colony, repeated passage was used. For determining antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to some antimicrobial agents Kirby-Bauer method based on CLSI was used. Results: Of 100 samples, 40 (40%) were positive for Pseudompnas aeruginosa. The prevalence of P. aeruginosa was 23.8, 36.84 and 80% at the age of 1-3, 4-12 and 13, respectively. Conclusion: Statistically, there is a significant difference between age and contracting with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in that the higher the age the more colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Key words: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Cystic Fibrosis, Drug Resistance
Mt Badele, M Mirzaian, M Babaei, B Badele, F Derakhshan Pour, S Mohammadian,
Volume 8, Issue 5 (winter[PERSIAN] 2015)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: With regard to high prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its being significantly affected by nutritional factors, we aimed to determine the relationship between Ferritin serum level and ADHD. Material and methods: This ex-post- facto (causal comparative research) design study was conducted on 60 children, selected via convenience sampling. Thirty of them were ADHD children diagnosed by a psychiatrist using DSM IV checklist, as a case group, and the rest were healthy ones located in control group. Having their family informed consent, their Ferritin level was measured via ELIZA method. Results: The results show that Ferritin serum level of ADHD children are lower than that of healthy ones. Using t- test, it was indicated that the difference is significant (p= 0.002). Besides, the result of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is no significant relation between Ferritin and ADHD. Conclusion: In terms of the results and the importance of this issue, we recommend conducting further controlled research. Keywords: Ferritin, ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Badeleh, Mt, Mirzaian, M, Babaei, M, Badeleh, M, Derakhshan Pour, F, Mohammadian, S, Vakili, Ma, Charkazi, A,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (Jul,Aug2015[PERSIAN] 2015)
Abstract

Abstract

Background and Objective:  With regard to high prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its being significantly affected by nutritional factors, we aimed  to determine the relationship between  zinc serum level and  ADHD.

Material and Methods:  This ex-post- facto (causal comparative research) design study was conducted on 60 children, selected via convenience sampling. Thirty of them were ADHD children diagnosed by a psychiatrist using DSM IV checklist, as a case group, and the rest were healthy ones located in control group. Having their family informed consent, their Zinc level was measured via Colorimetric method.

Results: The results show that Zinc serum level of ADHD children are lower than that of healthy ones.  Using t- test, it was indicated that the difference is not significant. Besides, the result of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is no significant relation between Zinc and ADHD.

Conclusion: given that the zinc level was lower in ADHD children, the difference was not significant. Therefore, we recommend conducting further research with a larger sample size.


Abbass Ghanbari Niaki, Abolfazle Aghababaeian, Hamidreza Joshaghani, Mohammad Ali Vakili, Mehran Hoseini,
Volume 13, Issue 4 (Jul-Aug 2019)
Abstract

ABSTRACT
             Background and Objectives: Apolipoprotein O (apoO) is a 198 amino acids protein that exists predominantly in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). It may exert cardioprotective effects via decreasing fat accumulation and increasing removal of cholesterol from macrophages. Although the health benefits of exercise are well documented, no study has yet investigated the effects of various types of training, including resistance training on apoO level. Therefore, we aimed to determine effects of five weeks of circuit resistance training with different intensities on plasma levels of apoO, HDL, total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) in young untrained men.
             Methods: Forty-five age- and weight-matched healthy untrained men were randomly assigned to a control group (n=10) and four training groups: training at 20% intensity (n=9), training at 40% intensity (n=8), training at 60% intensity (n=7) and training at 80% intensity (n=8). The subjects performed circuit resistance training at 10 stations (30 seconds at each station) with three repetitions, without rest between stations and with 3-minute active rest between the repetitions. The training was carried out for 45 minutes per session, three sessions a week, for five weeks. Venous blood samples were taken 48 hours before the first exercise session and 48 hours after the last training session. Plasma levels of apoO, HDL, TC and TG were measured using commercial kits. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and Tukeychr('39')s post hoc test at significance level of 0.05.
             Results: After the training intervention, mean plasma level of TC and TG did not differ significantly between the study groups (P>0.05). Training at 80% of one-repetition maximum (1RM) caused a slight decrease in the apoO concentrations. Moreover, apoO concentration was significantly higher in the 20% 1RM training group compared to other study groups (F=11.599, P<0.002).
             Conclusion: Our results indicate that circuit resistance training at 80% of 1RM can decrease HDL-associated apoO level but does not significantly alter other parameters.
             KEYWORDS: Circuit resistance training, HDL-O, TC, TG, Young men.

Abolfazle Aghababaeian, Abbass Ghanbari Niaki, Hamidreza Joshaghani, Mohammad Ali Vakili, S.mehran Hoseini,
Volume 13, Issue 5 (Sep-Oct 2019)
Abstract

ABSTRACT
            Background and Objectives: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. It is well established that low level of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) is a strong and independent risk factor for CAD. Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is a component of HDL, which is involved in pre-β-HDL formation and cholesterol efflux to HDL. It is believed that resistance and aerobic exercise can significantly reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, especially by increasing serum levels of HDL-C. However, little is known about effects of these activities on HDL-apoM levels. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of circuit resistance training at different intensities on HDL-associated apoM levels in young untrained men.
            Methods: Forty-five age- and weight-matched healthy untrained men were randomly assigned to a control group (n=10) and four training groups: 20% 1-repetition maximum (1RM) (n=9), 40% 1RM (n=8), 60% 1RM (n=7) and 80% 1RM (n=8). The subjects performed circuit resistance training consisting of barbell bench press, underarm flab, seated barbell curl, triceps exercise with chains, lying leg curl, squats, hyperextension, abs workout, sit-ups and quadriceps workouts (30 seconds each) in three bouts without rest between stations and with active rest (3 minutes) between sets or bouts. The training protocol was carried out for 45 minutes per session, three sessions a week, for five weeks. Venous blood samples were taken 48 hours before the first exercise session and 48 hours after the last training session. After separating plasma, HDL-associated apoM was measured using commercial ELISA kits. SPSS 16 was used for analysis of data using two-way ANOVA and Tukeychr('39')s post hoc test at significant level of 0.05.
            Results: After the training intervention, the exercise groups had higher apoM levels in total HDL and HDL-2 compared to the control group (P>0.05). However, no significant difference in HDL-associated apoM level was observed between the study groups.
            Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that various intensities of circuit resistance training can alter HDL-associated apoM levels. The decreased HDL-3-associated apoM level could indicate increased rate of apoM transfer to HDL-2, which could potentially prevent development of atherosclerosis and CAD by enhancing the antioxidant effects of HDL.
            Keywords: Circuit Resistance Training, Total HDL-M, HDL3-M, HDL2-M.

Mana Zakeri, Amir Hosein Babaei, Mohamad Taghi Akbari, Shohreh Zare, Faravar Khordadpoor,
Volume 14, Issue 5 (Sep-Oct 2020)
Abstract

Background and objective:  Huntingtonchr('39')s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant disorder that mainly affects adults. Although mutations in the IT15 gene have been known as the main cause of the disease, patients with HD like (HDL) syndrome have mutations in genes other than the IT15 gene.  In this study, we investigate the frequency of mutations in SCA17/TBP, JPH3 and PRNP genes in patients with HDL syndrome.
 
      Methods: The frequency of mutations in SCA17/TBP, JPH3 and PRNP genes was studied in 56 patients with HDL phenotype but without trinucleotide expansion in the IT15 gene. DNA was extracted from peripheral whole blood by the salting out method. PCR was performed using specific primers for each gene. PCR products were separated on polyacrylamide gel. Sequencing was performed on some samples to confirm the PCR results.
 
      Results: We found neither trinucleotide expansion in the JPH3 and SCA17, nor octapeptide insertion in the PRNP gene.
 
      Conclusion: Based on the results, Iranian patients with HDL syndrome do not have mutation in the TBP, JPH3 and PRNP genes. However, this result may be due to population differences, rarity of the mutations in the studied genes and the small number of study subjects. Therefore, studies with a larger study population that investigate other mutations, such as point mutations in the mentioned genes may help clarify the exact cause of HDL phenotype in Iranian patients.


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