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A Mardani,, L Babakhan, F Abedi Astaneh, M Rafiei, H Mardani,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (Autumn – Winter 2010[PERSIAN] 2009)

Abstract Background and objectives: Hydatid cyst is one of the most important zoonotic parasitic diseases produced by means of Larva stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Since this Hydatid cyst is a widespread disease in many regions of the world and Iran, we decided to study the epidemiological situation of patients infected with hydatid cyst who were operated in hospitals of Qom, Iran (2004-2007). Material and Methods: In this Cross-sectional retrospective study, we surveyed the Medical records of 19 patients infected with hydatid cyst, who were operated in hospitals of Qom (2004-2007). Patients’ demographic data including gender, age, career, dwelling place, number of cysts and the infected organ were collected and analyzed by SPSS software. Results: of the 19 patients, 12 cases (63.2%) are female and seven cases (36.8%) male. The highest rate of infection is related to 21-30 year group (31.65%) homemakers (52.7%) and urban (89.5%). The results show that the organs involved are liver (73.7%) and lung (26.3%). All patients infected with pulmonary hydatid cyst are male. Conclusion: Since 63.2 percent of infected people are female and homemaker, having contact with vegetables contaminated with parasite ova is the most important way of infection transmission. Key words: Hydatid cyst, Epidemiology, Surgery, Iran
A Mardani, F Feizi, I Moubedi, A Khosh Nezhad, H Mardani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (Spring - Summer 2010[PERSIAN] 2010)

Abstract Background and objectives: some parasites especially Enterobius vermicularis and helminthes are the leading factor causing appendicitis. We did this study to determine the prevalence of infection with Enterobius vermicularis among excised appendices in Necoii hospital of Qom, Iran (2005-2006). Material and Methods: In this Cross-sectional Retrospective study, we referred to pathology district archive of Necoii hospital of Qom to collect the demographic data of 3420 appendectomy patients including gender, age and infection to Enterobius vermicularis. These patients had been undertaken appendectomy from March 2005 to March 2006. After confirm of infection, all patients demographic data and histopathological results were analyzed by using Chi-square test in SPSS version 11.5 software. Results: of 3420 appendices, 17 cases (0.5%) are infected with Enterobius Vermicularis. Thirteen of them (76.5%) are female and four (23.5%) male. also 15 of infected appendices (88.2%) don’t show any pathological changes and two cases (11.8%) have appendicitis. The highest infection rate is observed in 6-10 (41.1%) and 11-15 (35.3%) age groups. Conclusion: The results show that Enterobius vermicularis does not play a role in causing appendicitis, and its presence in excised appendix can not be a good reason for being the cause of appendicitis. Key words: Appendicitis, Enterobius vermicularis, Qom, Iran

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