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Showing 5 results for Fattahi

H Dolatkhah, Mh Somi, R Estakhri, N Dolatkhah, A Mirza-Aghazadeh, M Nourazarian, B Pourasghari, E Fattahi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (Spring - Summer 2010[PERSIAN] 2010)
Abstract

Spring summer 2010, Vol.4, No.1 /74 Medical Laboratory Journal Severity of Oxidative DNA Damage in Gastric Tissue of Smoker and Non-smoker Patients with Dyspepsia Abstract Background and Objectives: Cigarette smoking is associated with an increase in risk of peptic ulcer and Gastro-Intestinal cancer. Toxic materials in smoke and tar have a significant role in production of carcinogenic complexes, injury to DNA and cellular proliferation in gastric cancer. The study was designed to compare the rate of injury to DNA in gastric tissue of smoker and non-smoker patients with active peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: In this Case-Control study, the case group composed of 43 smoker patients aged 45.30±13.16 with active peptic ulcer (14 female & 29 male) referred to gastroenterology clinic. The first control group consisted of 43 non-smokers without peptic ulcer (13 female & 30 male) with mean age of 42.67±16.04, and the second control group included 43 smokers without peptic ulcer (16 female & 27 male) with mean age of 44.58±12.07, and the third ones had 43 non-smoker patients with active peptic ulcer (20 female & 23 male) with mean age of 45.37±13.39. The rate of gastric mucosa DNA damage in the four groups was measured by calorimetrically method. Results: The DNA damage in gastric mucosa of smoker patients with active peptic ulcer(28.05±5.54 AP/100000bp) is higher than those of the three control groups (p<0.0001 in all case). Conclusion: Results of this study approve the direct relation between increase in DNA damage and toxic complexes existing in smoke and tar of cigarette. Key Words:Cigarette Smoking, DNA Damage, Active Peptic Ulcer Dolatkhah H Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Somi MH Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Fattahi E Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Estakhri R Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Dolatkhah N Talegani Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Mirza-Aghazadeh A Dept. of Basic Sciences, Paramedical Faculty , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Nourazarian,M Clinical Laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Pourasghari B Clinical Laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Corresponding: Dolatkhah, H E-mail: dolatkhahh@gmail.com
M Rahbani-Nobar, Mh Somi, A Fattahi, N Dolatkhah, M Nourazarian, S J Seyedi-Khoshknab, B Pourasghari, H Dolatkhah,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (Autumn – Winter 2011[PERSIAN] 2010)
Abstract

Abstract Bachground and objectives: Epidemiological studies have shown that using tobacco products is one of the main factors in forming malignancies in various tissues of the body. There is more than 600 μgr nitric oxide radical (NO°) in gas phase in each cigarette with fresh smoke. Hence, oxidation of nitrogen components in tobacco, more than 100 μgr of atmospheric NO°is produced by smoking, would be transferred to the body without any filtration. We studied nitric oxide levels in the gastric juice of smokers and non-smokers patients with active peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: In this study, 43 smoker patients with active peptic ulcer (14 female & 29 male) referred to gastroenterology clinic with mean age of 45.30±13.16 as case group.Forthy-three non-smokers without peptic ulcer (13 female & 30 male) aged 42.67±16.04, 43 smoker without peptic ulcer (16 female & 27 male) with mean age of 44.58±12.07 and 43 non-smoker with active peptic ulcer (20 female & 23 male) with mean age of 45.37±13.39 were selected as control groups of 1, 2 and 3 ,respectively. The level of Nitric oxide in gastric juice was measured by using Greiss colorimetric method. Results: Comparing with control group one and two, meaningful rise is noticed in mean level of nitric oxide case group (p<0.0001). Mean levels of NO in control group 1, 3 and case group are 4.21±1.13, 5.37±2.26, 7.90±2.12 μmol/L, respectively. Nitric oxide level in case group in comparison with control group 2 dose not show Significant difference (p=0.656). Mean levels of NO in control 2 and case groups are 7.45±1.54 and 7.90±2.12 μmol/L, respectively. Conclusion: It can be concluded that cigarette smoking may be one of the cause of increased level of gastric juice nitric oxide. This increase may be due to component in cigarette smoke and tar. These components can cause DNA damage through oxidation-reduction cycle and consequently increase the risk of malignancies in gastric tissues. Key words: Cigarette Smoking, Nitric Oxide, Nitrosative Stress, Active Peptic Ulcer
H Tavilani, R Setarehbadi, A Fattahi, Sh Nasrollahi, J Karimi, G Shafiee, M Hosseinipanah,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (winter[PERSIAN] 2014)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objective: There is increasing evidence for the role of oxidative stress in female reproductive tract. The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of antioxidant enzymes during menstrual cycle. In addition, the relationship between activity of antioxidant enzyme and sex hormones was evaluated. Materials and methods: In this study the activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, catalase and total antioxidant capacity during the menses, follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle in twenty women with regular menstrual cycle were studied. Furthermore, the correlation between activity of antioxidant enzymes and estradiol, progesterone, LH, FSH and testosterone were evaluated. Results: There was no significant difference between activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, catalase and total antioxidant capacity during the menses, follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle (P>0.05). We found significant correlation, in luteal phase, between superoxide dismutase and FSH (P<0.05، r=0.44) and LH P<0.05،r=0.54). Also it is observed between LH and glutathione peroxidase (P<0.05، r=0.44). Conclusion: Based on the results, there is no significant difference between antioxidant enzymes and total antioxidant capacity of plasma during menstrual cycle. In other words, physiologic system of women with regular menstrual cycle can protect body against oxidative stress and this is probably performed due to action of FSH and LH hormones. Keywords: Antioxidants Menstrual cycle Sex hormones
N Puramini, A Movahedian, S Bordbar-Bonab, E Fattahi, A Mirza-Aghazadeh, A Bahrami, Sh Fattahi, H Dolatkhah,
Volume 8, Issue 5 (winter[PERSIAN] 2015)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Recently, diabetes mellitus has been known as one of the main cause of upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Since a high prevalence of H. Pylori in diabetic patients has been reported, we aimed to evaluate the level of gastric juice Nitric Oxide (NO°), Oxidative Stress and Glycated Hemoglobin. Material and Methods: In case group, the participants were 60 diabetic patients infected with H. Pylori, and in control groups 60 diabetic patients without H. Pylori and 60 healthy individuals. The level of NO° in gastric juice was measured calorimetrically and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in gastric biopsy was determined using standard methods. The percentage of Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1C) was measured by ion exchange chromatography. Results: In case group compared to controls, significantly increased level of blood HbA1C, nitric oxide in gastric juice, activity of SOD and GPX in the gastric mucosa were observed (p<0.0001). Conclusion: A significant increase of glycated hemoglobin in diabetic patients with H. Pylori and high activity of antioxidant enzymes in the case group may indicate a high production of reactive oxygen species and the presence of oxidative stress in these patients. Key Words: Diabetes Mellitus, H. Pylori Infection, Glycated Hb, Nitric Oxide, Oxidative Stress
Esmail Fattahi,
Volume 11, Issue 6 (Nov - Dec 2017)
Abstract

ABSTRACT
          Background and objectives: Tricyclazole (TCZ) is a member of triazole fungicides, which might cause damage in living systems. This study was carried out to examine effects of TCZ on liver tissues and level of liver enzymes.
            Methods: Forty mice were randomly divided into four groups including control, sham and two experimental groups. Experimental groups 1 and 2 received 5 mg/Kg and 15 mg/Kg intraperitoneal injection of TCZ for two weeks, respectively. The sham group received sterile water but the control group received no injection. The animals were sacrificed 24 h after the last injection, and microscopic slides were prepared for cell counting and evaluation of tissue damage. Levels of liver enzymes were measured using commercial kits. Data was analyzed in SPSS (version 20) using one-way ANOVA.
          Results: The injection of TCZ caused a significant increase in the number of hepatocytes and a significant decrease in the number of Kupffer cells compared to control group (P<0.001). In the experimental group, the level of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase increased, but the level of alkaline phosphatase decreased significantly compared to control group (P<0.001). We also detected several forms of tissue damage including necrosis and degeneration of hepatocytes, hyperplasia, and penetration of inflammatory cells and expansion of sinusoids.
          Conclusion: Our results indicate that the intraperitoneal injection of TCZ in mice can cause irreparable hepatic damage in a dose-dependent manner.
          Keywords: Tricyclazole, hepatocytes, Alanine, Aspartate aminotransferase.


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