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Hosain Zadegan H, Menati S, Tarrahi M, Mohammadi F. Screening of Methicillin and Vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the nasal of hospital personnel of Khorram Abad ,Iran. mljgoums. 2008; 2 (1)
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-57-en.html
1- Assistant professor, Microbiology , asadzade_2003@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (21192 Views)


Background and Objectives

associated infections has been gained attention by most researchers. We

designed this cross-sectional study to evaluate MRSA and VRSA

frequency in the Shohadai Ashayer hospital of Khorram Abad, Iran.

: Increased drug resistance, and its

Material and Methods:

moistened with normal saline from interior nares of 300 personnel and

immediately cultured on a Mannitol Salt Agar.Suspected colonies were

confirmed by biochemical methods. Methicillin and Vancomycin

resistance of isolated strains was carried out by agar dilution according

to recommendations of National Clinical Laboratory Institute.

Samples were obtained by sterile swab


carriers of S.aureus. 16 (5.33%) and 4 (1.33%) of the carriers were

Methicillin resistant S.aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin resistant

S.aureus (VRSA), respectively. One (0.33%) of the personnel was

concurrently the carrier of both MRSA and VRSA.No correlation was

found between carriage and factors such as sex, age, ward of hospital

and length of occupation, and predisposing diseases. Kind of

occupation and level of education were significantly related with carrier


Sixty-four (21.33%) of 300 studied personnel were nasal


consistent with other published reliable documents. Isolation of four

VISA and one VRSA strains from studied personnel was the interesting

findings of this study. Because of carrying of such resistant strains in

hospital personnel and risks of transmission to patients, it needs further

attention of health officials.

: Percentage of S.aureus carriers in hospital personnel was



(MRSA), Vancomycin resistant S.aureus (VRSA), Vancomycin

intermediate S.aureus (VISA),Carrier, Khorram Abad, IRAN

Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistant S.aureus

Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistant S.aureus

Received: 2011/09/4 | Accepted: 2014/01/12 | Published: 2014/01/12 | ePublished: 2014/01/12

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