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Mojtaba Karimi Fard, Ali Khajehlandi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2021)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes is one of the health problems in all societies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a period of training at different temperatures on the gene expression of GLUT_4 and insulin receptor in the brown adipose tissue of diabetic rats.
Material and Methods: In this experimental study, 21 diabetic rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of 7 animals, including: (1) control (C), (2) swimming training at 5° C (S5ºC), and (3) swimming training at 36° C (S36ºC). Water swimming training was performed at 5±2° C and 36±2° C for six weeks, 5 sessions per week and 2-4 minutes per session. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s post hoc test at the significance level of p≤0.05.
Results: The gene expression of GLUT4 and insulin receptor in the S5º C and S36º C groups was significantly (P = 0.0001) higher than the control group. Also, the gene expression of GLUT4 in the S36º C group was higher than the S5º C group (p = 0.001), and the expression of insulin receptor in the S5º C group was significantly (p = 0.001) higher than the S36º C group.
Conclusion: Swimming training at 5º C and 36º C significantly increased the gene expression of GLUT4 and insulin receptor in the brown adipose tissue of diabetic rats.


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