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Showing 5 results for abbasi

Dr Babak Moeini, Hamid Abbasi, Maryam Afshari, Morteza Haji Hosseini, Soheila Rashidi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2018)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Admission to university is an important event in the life of youth in every country. Homesickness is one of the most significant issues faced by university students during their education life. The present study aimed to determine the association between homesickness, happiness and the related factors in the dormitory students in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 387 dormitory students at Hamedan University of Medical Sciences in Hamedan, Iran during February-March 2015. Subjects were selected via stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. Data were collected using self-report and using demographic and contextual questionnaires, Fenfelit homesickness questionnaire, and oxford happiness questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 23 using Pearson’s correlation-coefficient and general linear model (GLM) at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The mean score of homesickness in both genders had a significant difference (P=0.009). In addition, the mean score of happiness differed in terms of economic status. Homesickness was negatively correlated with the happiness score, so that increased homesickness was associated with reduced happiness. Variables of homesickness, age, internet use, maternal education, health status, economic status, and education level could significantly predict happiness.
Conclusion: Mental health of students in dormitories is of paramount importance. Therefore, interventions and preventive programs must recognize the causes of happiness, and appropriate interventions should be developed and implemented based on the influential factors in this regard.
Anis Abbasi, Amir Ashkan Nasiri Pour, Seyyed Jamalodin Tabibi, Pouran Raeisi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2018)
Abstract

Background and objectives: The development and distribution of hospital beds, regardless of effective factors, may downgrade equity in access to health services through imposing costs of inefficiency. This study aimed to develop a hospital bed distribution model in Iran in order to facilitate the optimal and cost-effective development and distribution of hospital beds.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study with mixed-methods analysis was carried out during 2015-2016. The research population encompassed 345 managers and experts in the field of health, who were selected using multistage quota sampling method from five regions of Iran (north, south, center, west and east). A total pool of 23 experts were selected from each university, and a researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data. Content Validity Ratio (CVR) was used to evaluate the questionnaire content and face validity. Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient and exploratory factor analysis with Varimax rotation were run as well to determine the questionnaire reliability and item consistency, respectively. For this purpose, AMOS version 20 and SPSS version 20 software were employed. To determine the fit of the model, the fit indices were also considered.
Results: Out of 51 effective factors included in the questionnaire in accordance with content validity, 23 items were confirmed by the experts. Exploratory factor analysis detected five organizational (seven components), economic (four components), social (six components), political (three components) and geographic (three components) factors as the main dimensions of hospital bed distribution, which could explain 70.745% of variance for all variables. The organizational and geographical dimensions had the highest (1.00) and lowest (0.16) influence on the hospital bed distribution. After running confirmatory factor analysis, two components of social and economic attributes with factor load of 0.46 in social dimension and efficiency and effectiveness of existing centers with factor load of 0.31 in the economic dimension were excluded from the model.
Conclusion: This study confirmed the hospital bed distribution model with five organizational, social, economic, political, and geographical dimensions, in which the organizational dimension with high explanatory power had the greatest impact on the hospital bed distribution. Therefore, this model seems efficient to be used as a comprehensive and appropriate method in making policies and decisions about the development and distribution of hospital beds.
 
Roghieh Golsha, Nona Gorgitabar, Behnaz Khodabakhshi, Abdullah Abbasi, Hamed Kalani,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2020)
Abstract

Background and objective: Currently, due to an increase in the number of individuals with immune deficiency, long-term chemotherapy, and underlying diseases, an appropriate situation has been provided for the development of opportunistic infections, including fungal infections. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, and the treatment outcome of mucormycosis in diabetic individuals.
Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, all recorded cases of mucormycosis in the health centers of Gorgan city, northeast of Iran, in diabetic individuals were extracted during 15 years from 2002 to 2016. All information was extracted from patient-related records and then was analyzed. In the period from 2002 to 2016, 12 diabetic individuals with mucormycosis were referred to health centers.
Results: There were statistically significant differences in the categories of sex, residence, education, taking drug, addiction, diabetes status, methods of diagnosis, involved area with mucormycosis, treatment type of mucormycosis, and treatment outcome of mucormycosis. Furthermore, no statistically significant difference was observed in the categories of age, underlying diseases (other than diabetes), hospitalization, and diagnostic time.
Conclusion: Due to the rareness or lack of an appropriate diagnostic method, and in addition, due to lack of an appropriate treatment, attention should be paid to invasive mucormycosis in individuals with immunodeficiency.

Abdolrahim Davari, Alireza Daneshkazemi, Ghasem Dastjerdi, Zahra Borhan, Sanaz Abbasi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (6-2021)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Oral health affects physical and mental health, growth, enjoyment and community. Anxiety and depression can lead to tooth decay, thereby indirectly affecting the periodontal health of people. Those who experience mental illness also suffer from poor oral health and do not adherence with oral health instructions. Mental illness leads to fear, unhealthy habits, and distrust of dentists, each of which alone affects oral and dental health. This study aimed to evaluate the DMFT-affecting mental diseases in adults in Shahedieh in a cohort study in 2016.
Material and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Shahedieh cohort plan was used to collect the research data. Different psychological variables such as the history of these diseases, the drugs used in these patients, and the current incidence of mental illness were extracted from the especial Yazd Shahedieh cohort questionnaire. Oral health status in the participants was estimated based on the DMF index for permanent teeth in the participants. Mean, percentage, and standard deviation was performed to describe descriptive data, as well as Chi-square, t-test, and ANOVA, Regression. In addition, a P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In the present study, total, 9967 subjects were enrolled in the study, 5028 of whom were men and 4939 were women. No significant difference was observed between the male and female participants regarding the number of decayed (p=0.14) and missing teeth (p=0.24) and DMFT index (p=0.69). There was no significant relationship between age and DMFT indexes. No correlation was observed between the level of education and DMFT index (p=0.147). There was no significant relationship between DMFT index and psychological disorders (depression [P=0.19]), other psychiatric diseases [P= 0.32]), mental health care (depression treatment [P=0.45] and treatment of other psychiatric diseases [P=0.97].)
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, no significant relationship was found between the DMFT index based on the mental and psychological profiles of the subjects.

Abdolrahim Davari, Alireza Daneshkazemi, Farnaz Farahat, Elham Motallebi, Sepideh Abbasi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (6-2021)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Tooth bleaching changes the microhardness and mineral content and color of the tooth. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of carbamide peroxide on microhardness, mineral content and color change in white spot lesions.
Material and Methods: Thirty-two samples were selected without caries, cracks and stains, and immersed in 0.5% chloramine-T for one week. Then the tooth crowns were separated. The teeth were artificially decayed by pH cycling. For bleaching on the enamel, a coating of 10% carbamide peroxide gel with a thickness of 1 mm was used for 8 hours. Samples were stored in artificial saliva for 16 hours. Bleaching process lasted for 14 days. Microhardness, color changes, calcium and phosphorus levels were measured before and after bleaching. Paired t-test and one-sample test were used to analyze the data.
Results: The microhardness test results were 338.02± 90.15 and 320.94±87.41 before and after bleaching, respectively. microhardness of the samples significantly decreased after bleaching compared to before bleaching (P<0.001). Calcium and phosphorus content in samples after bleaching was not significantly different from before bleaching (P>0.05). The mean color change coefficient (∆E) after bleaching was 6.82±3.96. ∆E in the studied samples was significantly higher than the standard (∆E =3.3).
Conclusion: Bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide significantly reduced microhardness. There was no change in the mineral content of the enamel and color change was proper. It can be concluded from this study that bleaching with carbamide peroxide can be successful.

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