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Yahya Pasdar, Neda Izadi, Mahmoud Khodadost, Kamyar Mansori, Mehdi Ranjbaran, Sedegheh Niazi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (10-2013)


  Background and objectives: Depression is the most common cause of disability caused by diseases in the world. Having physical activity is a solution for reducing depression. This study was conducted to determine the causes of depression and its related factors.

  Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 266 female students participated in the study selected by random stratified sampling. The data were collected with demographic questionnaires, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the body composition was measured with the body analyzer machine and entered into the SPSS software. To examine the effect of physical activity on depression, a logistic regression model was used with adjusting the effect of the likely confounding variables.

  Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.15 ± 2.4. According to the Beck Depression Inventory, 24.8% (66 individuals) suffered from depression and 69.5% (185 individuals) were healthy and 5.6% (15 persons) were missing from study. The results did not show a significant difference between depression and being local or nonlocal, BMI and the income level. But there was a significant difference between the healthy and the depressed group with regard to physical activity ( P=0.03). Physical activity at recommended levels showed an inverse relationship with depression of students so that students who have the recommended levels of physical activity get the 44% lower chance to be in the depressed group against students who have been low level of physical activity (OR=0.56, 95% CI:0.31-0.99, P=0.046).

  Conclusion: Due to the effect of physical activity on reducing depression, providing sport facilities, recommending people to increase their physical activity and culture making in the society can serve as constructive solutions to improving the psychological health and preventing depression in the society.

Abed Nouri, Leila Barati, Farzad Qhezelsofly, Sedighe Niazi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (10-2013)

Background and objectives:

Almost 130 million infants are born each year, more than 8 million of whom

die before their first year of life. In the developing countries, two thirds of these deaths occur in the first month

of their life. Reduced infant mortality is among the Millennium Development indicators, and this rate is high

in Kalaleh city. This study aimed to identify the most common causes of infant death, so that the avoidable

deaths be prevented by offering intervention plans.


information was collected with the designed form. The data were, then, coded and entered into the SPSS 17

software, and analyzed using independent statistical chi-square test.

In this study, all causes of infant death in Kalaleh city during 2003-2013 were investigated. The


prematurity (47.42%), congenital abnormalities (22.42%), and disasters and accidents (9.79%). 82.73%

of the infants weighed below 2500 g. 60% of the prematurity deaths occurred to primigravid women. There

388 infant deaths accounted for 83% of under-5 mortality. The most common causes of death include

was a statistically significant relationship between primigravity and prematurity infant death with a 95% confidence

(P=0.003). 74.74% of the infant deaths occurred in the first week, and 58.96% in the first 24 hours.


As 38.4% of the infant deaths occurred in the first pregnancy, and 60% of prematurity deaths

happened to primigravid women, and there was a relationship between primigravity and prematurity infant

deaths, the importance of the particular care of these mothers comes into sight. Planning for teaching the im

of caring the primigravid mothers and making their families more sensitive about the significance of


caring these mothers can be effective in reducing premature infant mortality.

Abed Noori, Maral Ghorban Pour, Mahin Adib, Allah Verdi Noori, Sedighe Niazi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (5-2014)

Background & Objective: Head lice infestation is a common disease in all ages with a worldwide distribution with considerable frequency in community centers such as schools. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of head lice infestation and it›s affecting factors in the rural school students of Kalaleh, in the academic year 92-93. Method: This study was a cross sectional, descriptive-analytic approach. The studied population consisted of 2500 students in rural schools of Kalaleh, studying in the academic year 1392-93. Data were collected via direct observation of experts and the checklist of Pediculosis. Data were then entered into and analyzed using SPSS version 17. Results: 157 of students (6.28%) had head lice with the highest frequency among the girls with 147 people. There was a statistically significant relationship between the place of residence, occupation, education level of parents, family size, education level, existence of a shower in homes, frequency of showering and brushing, a history of head lice infestation, the presence or absence of school health teachers and hair size (P<0.05). Conclusion: Pediculosis is still a public health problem in communities with poor life and health facilities. High prevalence of this issue among school students may be linked to factors such as lack of health educators in school and lack of adequate attention to personal hygiene.
Yahya Pasdar, Mitra Darbandi, Parisa Niazi, Shokoufeh Alghasi, Farah Roshanpour,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (5-2015)

Background & Objective: Obesity is a public health problem in modern societies which is more prevalent among women compared to men. This study was conducted to aim the prevalence of obesity and the related factors in women of Kermanshah.

Materials and Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 687 women aging 25-65 years were enrolled using multi staged cluster sampling method from 6 regions of Kermanshah city. Data collection tools were a demographic questionnaire, Food Frequency (FFQ) and physical activity questionnaires. General Obesity was defined as BMI≥30 kg/m2 and abdominal obesity was defined as waste hip ratio (WHR) over 0.85cm. All data were analyzed using correlation coefficient, Logistic regression-test and x2 by SPSS software.

Results: Overweight and obesity was observed in 39.4% and 21.9 % of women respectively. 57.5% of studied subjects suffered from abdominal obesity. The odds ratios for obesity among illiterate (OR=1.882, P=0.05), low socioeconomic status (OR=1.867, P=0.002), and having more than four pregnancies (OR=1.875, P=0.01) were higher than other women. Odds ratio of fatty liver (OR: 3.818) and diabetes (OR: 3.077) was higher among obese subjects than normal individuals. (P=0.02).There was a positive correlation between obesity and marital status, number of pregnancies, family population size and unhealthy dietary habits (P<0.001). Moreover, there was a negative relationship between obesity and education level, employment and high socioeconomic status (P<0.001).

Conclusions: Regarding the side effects of obesity and overweight, lifestyle modification and increasing nutritional knowledge among women using appropriate methods is highly recommended.

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