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Showing 7 results for Ahmadi

Seyed Ali Mard, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Bijan Ahmadi, Farnoosh Naghashian, Maria Kavianpoor, Hossein Khadem Haghighian,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (5-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is one of the main risk factors for stomach illness. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and common dietary habits in patients with dyspepsia.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on individuals referred for gastrointestinal endoscopy (N: 374) using a one-year food frequency questionnaire and a 24 hour dietary recall for three days. Tissue samples from the antrum, body and fundus were derived and kept in glass containers including formalin buffer for further pathologic examinations. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.0. Independent-Sample t test was used to compare the means. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The study population was comprised of 214 healthy subjects (57%) and 160 patients (43%). The average daily intake of sausages (p = 0.001), burgers (p = 0.002) was higher in patients compared to the healthy group significantly. The average daily intake of fish (p = 0.001) and weekly intake of tomato (p = 0.001), onions (p = 0.002) and citrus (p = 0.001) was lower among patients in comparison to healthy subjects significantly.

Conclusion: The high consumption of fruits and vegetables and low intake of red meat were of dietary habits among healthy individuals. Although, high consumption of processed meat was of dietary habits among patients infected with H. pylori. Therefore, a proper diet can be recommended as a public health policy to the general public.


Hamed Tavan, Sajjad Tavan, Zahra Ahmadi, Fatemeh Zandnia,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (5-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objective: There is a relationship between emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between intellectual intelligence and emotional intelligence and some demographic variables among students of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Ilam University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: Using a cross-correlation method of study, the standard 24-item questionnaire for spiritual intelligence and the standard 90-item questionnaire for emotional intelligence was subjected to 118 university students of Nursing and Midwifery faculty by simple random sampling. At the beginning of the questionnaire, demographic information were derived from the students. All data were analyzed by SPSS software and using Independent t-test, One-way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation.

Results: The samples were comprised of 56% female and 46% male and the average score of spiritual intelligence among students was 68.5 while the average score of emotional intelligence was 305. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence and gender while there was no relationship with the field of study.

Conclusion: The spiritual intelligence and emotional intelligence was higher among women compared to men, and there was a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence so that boosting emotional intelligence can improve the emotional intelligence.


Ali Ahmadi , Neda Soleimani, Parham Abedini ,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Bacterial antibiotic resistance is a major issue in the process of infectious disease treatments. The aim of this study was an evaluation of the antibacterial activity of Punica granatum flower extract against several gram-negative and positive clinical bacterial isolates.
 
Methods: An adequate dried flower of an endemic mature Punica granatum plant was used for extraction. The standard strain of several gram negative and positive bacteria was chosen for this study, as well as some distinguished clinical strains such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus spp. In order to indicate the antibacterial effect of Punica granatum mature flower, well-diffusion method was done for each bacterium of the extraction of the flower, so that zone inhibitions can be reported. MIC and MBC test was done.
 
Results: Disc diffusion test was done and the greatest zone inhibition Shigella was 39 mm and then Salmonella typhimurium 13.1 mm. The lowest antibacterial effect of P. granatum extraction was gained on Proteus with 6 mm of zone inhibition. The Highest MIC and MBC effect was obtained from antibacterial evaluation on S. typhimurium and S. epidermidis.
 
Conclusion: the antibacterial activities of medicinal plants, pharmaceutical companies are just using medicinal plants in association with synthetic drugs in order to obtain better results. Setting up a more analytic test on medicinal plants same as HPLC test could be the next stage of this study in order to reach to a higher reliance of medicinal plants antibacterial activities qualification So That we could combine them with synthetic drugs and improve their efficiency.
Abdossaleh Zar, Fatemeh Ahmadi,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (7-2020)
Abstract

Background and objective: Pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood are processes that have important social and emotional consequences for every woman.  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of physical activity on sleep quality of women with Natural Childbirth and cesarean section.
Material and Methods: Among women referred to Jahrom Health Center in the year 2017-2018 who had childbirth.  210 volunteers were included in the study (110 normal deliveries, 100 cesarean sections). They were divided into active and inactive groups based on their physical activity. The Petersburg sleep questionnaire was used for data collection.
Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in daily performance variables (p = 0.005) and total sleep quality score (p = 0.001). It was also found that active women with cesarean section had better condition than inactive women with cesarean section. There was a significant difference between the two groups in the variables of sleep disorders (p = 0.005) and total sleep quality score (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: Exercise and physical activity can have a positive effect on the quality of sleep after postpartum and cesarean section. Findings can inform interventions designed to improve postpartum sleep via increasing opportunities for exercise among postpartum women.

Abdossaleh Zar, Fatemeh Ahmadi, Hamid Reza Sadeghipour, Abolfazl Shayan Nooshabadi,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (7-2020)
Abstract

Background and objective: Tobacco consumption is one of the hazardous factors that affect people’s quality of life and quality of sleep. This study aimed to compare components quality of sleep in physically active and inactive people tobacco consumers.
Methods: Tobacco consumers in Shiraz were the statistical population of this comparative study. That 470 people of them Participated in the study. Pittsburgh sleep quality questionnaire (PSQI) was used for data collection.
Results: physically active tobacco consumers compared with inactive tobacco consumers obtained significantly better scores in total PSQI score (p = 0.006) and subscales such as daytime dysfunction (p = 0.007), sleep duration (p = 0.002), sleep latency (p = 0.01), subjective sleep quality (p = 0.03).
Conclusion: Exercise and physical activity can have a positive effect on the quality of sleep in tobacco consumers. Findings can inform interventions designed to improve sleep quality via increasing opportunities for exercise among smokers.

Mohammad Amin Ahmadi, Ali Fakourian, Sayyed Masoud Kashfi, Mohsen Heydarian,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2020)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders are considered the primary health problem among military pilots. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between temperament, Somatotype and some anthropometric variables and prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in military pilots.
Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study which was conducted in 2020, in Tehran, 100 military pilots from selected Air Force bases were participated. Prediction of injury was assessed by functional movement screen test. The pilots’ temperaments were determined by the standard natural temperament questionnaire. Somatotype was calculated using the Heath-Carter method. Anthropometric data were also collected. The relationship between variables was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression and the difference between different temperaments in the values of variables was evaluated by one-way ANOVA (P < 0.05).
Results: The mean age, weight and functional movement screen score of the pilots were 34.36±5.94, 84.68±8.55 and 17.99±1.59, respectively. Between cold and wet temperament (P = 0.01), endomorphic component of somatotype (P = 0.001), weight (P = 0.001), Body mass index (P = 0.001), waist (P = 0.001), hip (P = 0.001), flexed arm (P = 0.004) and calf (P = 0.006) circumference had a significant negative relationship with functional movement screen test score. Functional movement screen test showed a significant positive relationship only with ectomorphic component (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference between different temperaments in functional movement screen test score (P = 0.64). Multiple linear regression showed a significant negative relationship only between functional movement screen test score and endomorphic component (P = 0.01).
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that cold and wet temperament, weight, body mass index and endomorphic component of somatotype as individual characteristics are important factors that inversely related to functional movement screen test score of military pilots that should be considered.

Abdossaleh Zar, Fatemeh Ahmadi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (6-2021)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Effects of resistance training and herbal supplements on cardiac signaling pathways are sparsely reported in the literature. This study aimed to evaluate the CITED4 gene expression in the cardiac muscle of male rats as a result of resistance exercise and spirulina supplementation.
Material and Methods: Thirty-two rats (male - Sprague Dally) were grouped into 4 groups (1. resistance training: RE, 2. spirulina + resistance training: SP +RE, 3. spirulina platensis: SP, 4. control: Co, n = 8). The training program was performed for healthy training groups 5 sessions per week for 8 weeks. Supplementation included 200 mg/kg/ day of Spirulina for the supplement groups. Real-time PCR was used to measure gene expression. We used of Two-way ANOVA in SPSS (p<0.05).
Results: In comparison with the control group, we observed a significant increase in CITED4 gene expression in RE (P= 0.001) and RE+SP (P= 0.001) groups. Also, there was a significant difference in CEBP gene expression between CO with RE (P= 0.001), SP (P= 0.034), RE+SP (P= 0.001) groups.
Conclusion: Spirulina supplementation alone has no effect on the signaling pathway of cardiac hypertrophy. However, if used concomitantly with resistance training, it can affect the signal pathway of cardiac hypertrophy.


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